The world health organization plans to stop industrial trans fatty acids from the global food supply and strive to eliminate these harmful compounds by 2023. What are trans fatty acids? How can it be harmful?
There are two kinds of trans fatty acids, natural and artificial. Natural trans fatty acids are less, and there are a small amount of them in beef, mutton, milk and their products, so artificial trans fatty acids are used in many foods.
What’s the use of trans fatty acids?
Why add trans fatty acids to food, because it can increase the crispness and taste of food, make it easy for food to be preserved for a long time, and reduce the cost. In our daily food, many of them have artificial trans fatty acids, such as biscuits, bread, chips, chips, chocolate, ice cream, etc.
What are the hazards of trans fatty acids?
The effect of artificial trans fat is particularly strong. One mouthful of trans fat is equal to seven mouthfuls of oil, which is more likely to make people fat than ordinary fat. Obesity is harmful to cardiovascular health and increases the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes and hypertension. The World Health Organization estimates that more than half a million people worldwide die each year from excessive intake of trans fats.
Moreover, studies have found that excessive intake of artificial trans fats can damage memory and increase the risk of Alzheimer’s disease in the elderly. For adolescents, artificial trans fats also have adverse effects on the growth and development of the central nervous system.
How to avoid artificial trans fats?
Artificial trans fat exists in many foods. Can biscuits still be eaten? Should potato chips be given up? How can we reduce the intake of artificial trans fats?
We should start with our daily eating habits. We should eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, fish, nuts, beef, mutton, pork, biscuits, potato chips and other snacks.
When buying foods, try to choose foods that do not contain trans fatty acids or are low in content, and look carefully at the content of trans fatty acids on the food label.
However, there may not be any trans fatty acids marked as zero. As long as the source of artificial trans fatty acids is partially hydrogenated vegetable oil, vegetable oil, vegetable cream, cocoa butter substitute, cream, and vegetable fat powder are all hydrogenated vegetable oils, so we should pay attention to these.