In addition to Cereals, “nutritious cereals” or “breakfast cereals” also contain ingredients that look like milk. Among the 15 products, four are added with creamer and five are added with plant fat powder. The so-called “creamer” is hydrogenated vegetable oil, dextrin (starch hydrolysate), sodium caseinate, cream flavor, emulsifier, anticoagulant and other components of the mixture, its fat content of 20% to 75%, heat is higher than starch. Although it is white and fragrant, it has nothing to do with milk, and its nutritional value is even worse.
It not only can not supplement calcium, can not increase nutrition, but will provide sugar and fat. “Hydrogenated vegetable oil” can even bring “trans fatty acids” which are the most harmful to cardiovascular system, which is not healthy than animal fat. And “Zhi Zhi Mo” is another way of saying powdery “creamer”.
Hydrogenation of vegetable oil is actually the process of changing the unsaturated fatty acid of vegetable oil into saturated or semi saturated state. Trans fatty acid will be produced in this process, which can increase the low-density lipoprotein in human blood, reduce the high-density lipoprotein, induce vascular sclerosis, and increase the risk of heart disease and cerebrovascular accident. Recently, when revising the composition of food pyramid in the United States, it has been clearly pointed out that attention should be paid to trans fatty acids, and manufacturers are required to indicate the content of trans fatty acids in products.
Vegetable fat powder is mainly composed of hydrogenated vegetable oil and casein. Powder products produced by mixing, emulsifying and spray drying.
Trans fatty acid, also known as “reverse fatty acid”, is a kind of saturated fatty acid which is easy to solidify by introducing hydrogen molecule into vegetable oil mainly composed of unsaturated fatty acid by artificial catalysis. Trans fatty acids not only have the advantages of high temperature resistance, not easy to deteriorate, and longer storage, but also can increase the delicious degree of food and make the food more beautiful. Low cost is also favored by businesses.
However, experts generally believe that trans fatty acids do more damage to the human heart than any other animal oil. As early as 1981, some scientists found that the trans fatty acid content in the fat of people who died of coronary heart disease was higher than that of normal people. Some recent studies have shown that trans fatty acids may increase the incidence rate of breast cancer and diabetes, and may affect children’s growth and development and nervous system health.
According to the principle, vegetable fat powder contains high trans fat, which is harmful to human body. However, it is still widely used in infant food at present, because it has good fat flavor and can be dissolved as emulsifier. The state has no clear use restrictions. However, the manufacturers of infant products are also under the pressure of public opinion, saying that they are not good, but they are of high quality, cheap and easy to use, and there is no regulation intervention, It is also a very common industrial raw material.